Coronavirus | Coronavirus Update | Symptoms Of Coronavirus

Corona Virus | Symptoms Of Corona Virus | Protective Measure

( Credits: Authentic information from WHO , shared in public  interest)
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV)A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.  

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. 

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. 

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing. 

In December 2019 there was a cluster of pneumonia cases in China investigations found that it was caused by a previously unknown virus, now named the 2019 novel corona virus. 

corona viruses are a large group of viruses they consist of a core of genetic material surrounded by an envelope with protein spikes this gives it the appearance of a crown . Crown in Latin is called Corona and that's how these viruses get their name. There are different types of corona viruses that cause respiratory and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms. 

Respiratory disease can range from the common cold to pneumonia and in most people these symptoms tend to be mild however there are some types of corona viruses that can cause severe disease. These include the severe acute respiratory syndrome. Coronavirus first identified in China in 2003 and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. 

The 2019 novel corona virus was first identified in China it initially occurred in a group of people with pneumonia who'd been associated with a seafood and live animal market in the city of Wuhan the disease has since spread from those who were sick to others including family members and health care staff. There are many cases at present and the disease has spread within China and also to a number of other countries so where did the virus come from it's known. 

Corona viruses circulate in a range of animals sometimes these viruses can make the jump from animals to humans this is called a spillover and could be due to a range of factors such as mutations in the virus or increase in the contact between humans and animals for example murska v is known to be transmitted from camels and Tsarskoe V from civet cats The animal reservoir of the 2019 novel corona virus is not known yet. 

Respiratory viruses are usually transmitted through droplets created when an infected person coughs or sneezes or through something that has been contaminated with the virus . People most at risk of infection from the novel corona virus are those in close contact with animals such as live animal market workers and those who are caring for people infected with the virus such as family members or healthcare workers so on. 

what is known so far there can be a number of symptoms ranging from mild to severe. There can be fever and respiratory symptoms such as coughing shortness of breath in more severe cases there's been pneumonia,  kidney failure and death. The mortality rate is not known yet.However  can we tell if someone is infected. The infection can be diagnosed by a test called PCR or polymerase chain reaction. This test identifies the virus based on its
genetic fingerprint. 

There is currently no specific medication for the virus and treatment is supportive care. There's currently no vaccine to protect against the virus treatment and vaccines are in development. This new virus currently has a limited geographic spread however there are a number of standard hygiene practices that have been recommended to protect against infection and further spread these include covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with a medical mask tissue or flexed elbow. Avoiding close contact with those who are unwell, the appropriate use of masks and personal protective equipment especially in a healthcare setting.  

washing hands regularly with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub actions that can be taken to prevent infection from an animal source include avoiding unnecessary unprotected contact with animals. washing hands after contact with animals or animal products and ensuring that animal products are cooked thoroughly before they're consumed. it's important to stay home if you're feeling unwell but if you have a fever cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share your previous travel history with your healthcare provider that's a quick look. 

Basic protective measures against the new corona 

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO 
website and through your national and local public health authority. COVID-19 is still 
affecting mostly people in China with some outbreaks in other countries. Most people who 
become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. 
Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash 
them with soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills 
viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing 
or  sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose 
or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, 
including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means 
covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. 
Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people 
around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek 
medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation
 in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to 
the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and 
other infections.

Are hand dryers effective in killing the new coronavirus?

No. Hand dryers are not effective in killing the 2019-nCoV. To protect yourself against the new coronavirus, you should frequently clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Once your hands are cleaned, you should dry them thoroughly by using paper towels or a warm air dryer.

Can an ultraviolet disinfection lamp kill the new coronavirus?
UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands or other areas of skin as UV radiation 
can cause skin irritation.

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How effective are thermal scanners in detecting people infected with the new coronavirus?

Thermal scanners are effective in detecting people who have developed a fever (i.e. have a higher than normal body temperature) because of infection with the new corona virus.
However, they cannot detect people who are infected but are not yet sick with fever. This is because it takes between 2 and 10 days before people who are infected become sick and develop a fever.

Can spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body kill the new coronavirus?

No. Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth). Be aware that both alcohol and chlorine can be useful to disinfect surfaces, but they need to be used under appropriate recommendations.

Can pets at home spread the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV)?

At present, there is no evidence that companion animals/pets such as dogs or cats can be infected with the new coronavirus. However, it is always a good idea to wash your hands with soap and water after contact with pets. This protects you against various common bacteria such as E.coli and Salmonella that can pass between pets and humans.

Do vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus?

No. Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) vaccine, do not provide protection against the new coronavirus.
The virus is so new and different that it needs its own vaccine. Researchers are trying to develop a vaccine against 2019-nCoV, and WHO is supporting their efforts.
Although these vaccines are not effective against 2019-nCoV, vaccination against respiratory illnesses is highly recommended to protect your health.

Can regularly rinsing your nose with saline help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?

No. There is no evidence that regularly rinsing the nose with saline has protected people from infection with the new coronavirus. 
There is some limited evidence that regularly rinsing nose with saline can help people recover more quickly from the common cold. However, regularly rinsing the nose has not been shown to prevent respiratory infections.

Can eating garlic help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?

Garlic is a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties, it can certenly boost your immunity. However, there is no evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.

Does putting on sesame oil block the new coronavirus from entering the body?

No. Sesame oil does not kill the new coronavirus. There are some chemical disinfectants that can kill the 2019-nCoV on surfaces. These include bleach/chlorine-based disinfectants, either solvents, 75% ethanol, peracetic acid and chloroform.
However, they have little or no impact on the virus if you put them on the skin or under your nose. It can even be dangerous to put these chemicals on your skin.

Does the new coronavirus affect older people, or are younger people also susceptible?

People of all ages can be infected by the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus. 
WHO advises people of all ages to take steps to protect themselves from the virus, for example by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.

Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating the new coronavirus?

No, antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria.
The new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus and, therefore, antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment.
However, if you are hospitalized for the 2019-nCoV, you may receive antibiotics because bacterial co-infection is possible.

Are there any specific medicines to prevent or treat the new coronavirus?

To date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new corona virus (2019-nCoV).
However, those infected with the virus should receive appropriate care to relieve and treat symptoms, and those with severe illness should receive optimized supportive care. Some specific treatments are under investigation, and will be tested through clinical trials. WHO is helping to accelerate research and development efforts with a range or partners. 

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